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  • NJ A3581
  • Requires Internet-connected baby monitors to include security features.
In Committee
Crossed Over
Dead/Failed/VetoedVeto Overridden
2016-2017 Regular Session
This bill requires any baby monitor that broadcasts audio or video online and is manufactured, sold, or offered for sale in this State, to include: (1) security features to prevent unauthorized users from hearing or viewing activity; and (2) a label or notice warning consumers of the risks of an unsecured baby monitor connection and the importance of using the device's security features (e.g., keeping the monitor's software current, choosing a strong password, and enabling security features to encrypt transmitted information). Under the bill, the warning would appear on the box, container, or package of a baby monitor, or otherwise accompany the baby monitor at the time of sale. The information on the label would be displayed conspicuously, easily understandable, and be substantially similar to the following: "WARNING! THIS BABY MONITOR ALLOWS INTERNET USERS TO HEAR OR VIEW ACTIVITY. USE THE SECURITY FEATURES INCLUDED WITH THIS DEVICE TO RESTRICT INTERNET VIEWERSHIP." The bill provides that it would be an unlawful practice under the consumer fraud act, P.L.1960, c.39 (C.56:8-1 et seq.), to sell, offer for sale, or distribute any baby monitor without security features and a proper warning label. An unlawful practice is punishable by a monetary penalty of not more than $10,000 for a first offense and not more than $20,000 for any subsequent offense. Additionally, a violation can result in cease and desist orders issued by the Attorney General, the assessment of punitive damages and the awarding of treble damages and costs to the injured. Baby monitors that broadcast live audio and video feeds over the Internet can be viewed on a computer, cellular telephone, tablet, or other Internet-connected device. The possibility of an unknown individual watching a person's baby is frightening for many parents who have come to rely on these devices. Recent news articles highlight the vulnerabilities of Internet-connected baby monitors that lack basic security features, making them prone to even simple hacking attempts. In addition, a hacked camera could provide access to other Wi-Fi-enabled devices in a person's home, such as a personal computer or security system. The Office of Technology, Research and Investigation, in the Federal Trade Commission (FTC), studied five baby monitors that broadcast live audio and video feeds over the Internet and found that some of them have minimal security protections. Only one required a complex password while the others allowed users access with simple passwords, such as "password," making them vulnerable to hackers. To prevent hackers from guessing a password, basic security procedures lock down an account in response to multiple password failures; however, three of the five monitors allowed repeated entry of incorrect password attempts. An Internet-connected baby monitor sends its feed to a person's home wireless router, then sends it over the Internet so it can be viewed remotely. Two of the five baby monitors the FTC studied did not encrypt the feed between the monitor and the home router, and one didn't encrypt the feed between the router and Internet, resulting in additional vulnerabilities. Warning consumers of the risks associated with an unsecured baby monitor will protect families by (1) urging them to use the monitor's security features to allow only selected, trusted people to view a baby through a secure Internet connection, and (2) preventing a stranger from hacking the connection to watch a baby.
2nd Reading in the Assembly, 2nd Reading in the Senate, Bills and Joint Resolutions Signed by the Governor, Health, Human Services and Senior Citizens, Passed Assembly, Passed both Houses, Passed Senate, Women and Children
Approved P.L.2017, c.81.  (on 5/11/2017)
Date Chamber Action Description
5/11/2017 A Approved P.L.2017, c.81.
3/16/2017 A Passed Assembly (Passed Both Houses) (68-2-4)
3/16/2017 A Received in the Assembly, 2nd Reading on Concurrence
3/13/2017 S Passed by the Senate (33-1)
3/13/2017 S Substituted for S2582/2092 (SCS)
3/13/2017 S Senate Amendment (32-0) (Van Drew)
2/6/2017 S Reported from Senate Committee with Amendments, 2nd Reading
2/6/2017 S Transferred to Senate Law and Public Safety Committee
2/6/2017 Senate Law and Public Safety Hearing (19:00 2/6/2017 *Revised- 2/2/17-S-1944/A-2690(2R), S-2092/A-3581(2R), and S-260)
6/30/2016 S Received in the Senate, Referred to Senate Health, Human Services and Senior Citizens Committee
6/27/2016 A Passed by the Assembly (69-5-5)
6/16/2016 A Assembly Floor Amendment Passed (Johnson)
6/6/2016 A Reported out of Assembly Comm. with Amendments, 2nd Reading
6/6/2016 Assembly Women and Children Hearing (10:00 6/6/2016 Committee Room 9, 3rd Floor)
4/4/2016 A Introduced, Referred to Assembly Women and Children Committee
Date Motion Yea Nay Other
Detail 3/16/2017 Assembly Floor: Concur in Senate Amendments 68 2 10
Detail 3/13/2017 Senate Floor: Amend 32 0 8
Detail 3/13/2017 Senate Floor: Second Reading (Voice Vote) 0 0 0
Detail 3/13/2017 Senate Floor: Substitute For S2582 (Voice Vote) 0 0 0
Detail 3/13/2017 Senate Floor: Third Reading - Final Passage 33 1 6
Detail 2/6/2017 Senate Law and Public Safety Committee: Reported with Amendments 4 0 1
Detail 6/27/2016 Assembly Floor: Third Reading - Final Passage 69 5 6
Detail 6/6/2016 Assembly Women and Children Committee: Reported with Amendments 4 0 2